Detailed Instructions

I start with detailed instructions for set LYS1, the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway goods train. Instructions for subsequent sets are less detailed where similar construction has already been covered. Any new techniques or peculiarities are explained for each model.

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Scoring

Set LYS1 - Lancashire &Yorkshire Railway goods train instructions.

The complete train can be displayed mounted on a track base made from three of the track sections, alternatively use all six to represent a double track.It is suggested that the models be made in the following order to gain experience.

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway loco coal wagon.

Study the side view to help identify parts.Start by cutting out the wagon body and scoring along the sides of the base.

Fitting load

Fold up to form an open box without sticking it yet. Next cut out the coal load and form this into another open box shape. This sits inside the wagon body and adds strength to the model. For extra strength form the load around a block of wood. Glue the two shapes together to form the body.

Fitting wheels

Add the chassis to the bottom of the wagon body and the wheels inside the chassis.

Fitting Axle pieces

The axle pieces fold into a “V” shape and fit between the wheels.

Reinforcing stachions

Fit the headstocks to each end. You will find that there is an extra layer to stick the stanchions to so that the stanchions will be thicker.

Cutting buffers

Add the stanchions to each end. Make buffers from wood, such as cocktail sticks, and add the buffer heads.

Painting edges

Use paints to colour the cut edges and reverse parts of the card.

Adding "coal"

Extra detail can be added such as wire handrails and a coal load from painted coarse sandpaper.

Fitting floor

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway low-sided wagon.

This wagon is built in an almost identical manner to the loco coal wagon.Start by cutting out the wagon body and scoring along the sides of the base. Fold up to form an open box. Next cut out the floor. This sits inside the wagon body. The rest of the construction is as for the loco coal wagon.

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway 10 ton van.

Again this is similar to the loco coal wagon but this time we have a roof to add. Build the body as above.Cut out the roof and form a curve in it by rolling it on a slightly spongy surface, such as a mouse mat. Fix to the top of the body and follow this by adding the roof doors as an extra layer, noting that the ends of this fold down over the sides. There are a pair of battens to fit across the roof as well.The rest of the construction is as for the loco coal wagon.

Rolling roof
Guard's van chassis

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway 6 wheel brake van.

This wagon has a different construction as it has a chassis blockStart by cutting out the chassis and forming into a block. The side frames with the step locations are next added to the side of the block, taking note that the sides are slightly different and will need to be matched with the roof orientation. Add the wheels and axle pieces inside the axle guards as for the earlier wagons. Next make up the van body. If the windows are to be glazed cut them out. Fold up to form an open box. For extra strength form the load van around a block of wood but be aware that this will compromise making the windows glazed. Window glazing can be done using PVA glue. Use a cocktail stick to form a film across the opening and wait for it to dry to a clear finish. Alternatively use clear plastic. You will find that there is an extra layer to stick the veranda ends and stanchions to so that these parts will be thicker. Add the veranda ends to the chassis. Add the sandboxes from wood to the inside of the ends before fitting the roof. Cut out the roof and fix to the top of the body and ends. Add the doors to the verandas. Add the stanchions to each end. Make buffers from wood, such as cocktail sticks, and add the buffer heads. Also add the chimney from wood or wire.

Glazing window
Loco chassis

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Aspinall 0-6-0.

Start by making up the chassis block, first making sure which is the front. It is suggested that the chassis be formed around a block of wood. To the top of this affix the footplate.

The wheels and framing are now attached to the sides of the block. Attach the valences below the footplate on both sides, but leave the step treads until later to avoid damage. Make up the cab with its inner face showing the boiler backhead. The sandboxes fold round to attach to the insides of the cab sides and the cab floor is slightly raised with the end folded down at the rear. Cut out the windows before attaching to the footplate. Windows can be glazed PVA glue as above. There is an excellent photograph of the cab of one of these locomotives in “L&YR Miscellany” by Neil Coates.

Loco cab
Aspinall 0-6-0
Loco on track

Next make up the firebox then the boiler and the smokebox, preferably using a wood to fill each item. Fix these together and let the assembly dry before adding them to the cab front. Add the front valve cover piece and the smokebox door. Make up the four splashers and fix in place, noting the cutout to fit round the front of the firebox on the central splashers. Either make up the chimney and dome and safety valve seat or make the items from wood or plastic. Profiles are shown if you wish to turn these items. Add the safety valves or use suitably sized pieces of wire and add the lever. Add a whistle and buffers from wood and fix the buffer heads on. Add the reversing lever and the step treads. For the tender start with the chassis as for the loco and add the footplate. Fix the wheels in place followed by the outside frames and add the axlebox covers. The tender top is made up with another open box shape that makes up the tank top and coal. Once again this can be filled with a block of wood for strength. For a better representation of the coal use sandpaper and paint black. The vertical plate at he back of the coal space is fitted and then the water filler top. Add the toolboxes. Fit the step treads last again. The loco and tender can be fixed together or made to articulate by using a staple fixed up into the loco chassis and a hole made to locate it in the tender chassis.Extra detail can be made such as vacuum pipes, lamps, crew etc.

Straight track.

The track comes as six single line pieces of track with rail overlays to be added on top. The track depicted is a 45-foot length and was fairly standard before the grouping. If using the track in a double track setting remember the minimum distance between track centres is 11’ 2 1/2”, which would increase on curves. If preferred cut away the ballast and mount on an alternative ballast base.For further presentation mount on a wood base and use the Titles from the model cards as descriptions.

Set LYS1 on track

Set LYS2 - Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway passenger train instructions.

The models can be displayed mounted on a track base made from five of the track sections, alternatively use in conjunction with items from set LYS1 for a double track display.

Lancashire &Yorkshire Railway Aspinall 2-4-2T

Start by making up the chassis etc. as for the Aspinall 0-6-0 above. Make up the side tanks and add to the footplate. The cab sides fit down inside the tanks. Complete the cab with the cab front and back pieces. The cab front has the extra interior-facing piece, with its inner face showing the boiler backhead. Cut out the windows before attaching to the footplate. Add the cab roof layer. Add the coal to the interior of the bunker. Next make up the smoke box/boiler/firebox assembly and leave to dry before adding to the cab front between the tanks. Add the boiler fittings and buffers etc. as above. Add the reversing lever, the leading wheel springs followed by the saddle sidepieces, which fit outside the springs, and the step treads.

2-4-2T tank and cab
2-4-2T 3/4 view
Central coach

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway LBL central coach.

Cut out the coach body and interior formers and make up the coach body. The roof is a separate layer on the top. The bogies are made up and fit beneath the body. The underframes fit outside the bogies and footsteps are fixed to the underframes. The headstocks fit across the underframes at each end. There are no footsteps on the bogies of this coach..

Coach side recess

Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway LBL brake coach.

This coach follows the same construction as the central coach. Note that the coach has the sides recessed at an angle close to the brake end, leaving a full width section at the end to help the guard look along the length of the train and there is a former with panelling to fit across the coach to complete this feature. To form this feature the coach side has to be cut on three sides around the angled section. There are bogie steps as well on this coach.

The other strengtheners are solely for added strength and the body could be built around a shaped wood block instead (but see comments on detailing). Add the roof. Make up the bogies with their sides around a folded block. Fix them in the indicated position. Add the underframe parts and the headstocks. Add the footsteps to the underframes, bogies and to the ends. Add buffers from wood and the buffer heads. Note that a white board was displayed in the central window at the front of the train and a red one at the rear. For extra detail it is possible to cut out and glaze the windows and add interior detail, also lamp tops and ventilators from wood. It is best to work from original photographs to add this level of detail, see the list of references.

Straight Track.

See the description above

Coach end
Set LYS2 on track
Centre coach layout
Brake coach layout

Set GWS1 – Great Western Railway 48xx class and Autotrain instructions.

The models can be displayed mounted on a track base made from four of the track sections, alternatively use in conjunction with items from set GWS2/GWS3 for a double track display.

48xx class cab and tanks
Autocoach doors

Great Western Railway 48xx class 0-4-2T.

This locomotive is built in a similar manner to the Aspinall 2-4-2T above.There are outside frames to be added outside the rear wheels and axlebox covers to add to these. Add the sanding boxes where shown, making the front ones from wood. The side tanks and cab assembly, with its inner extra layer showing the firebox backhead and cab floor is all in one piece in this model. Note that the rear windows have vertical protective bars across them. Make up the firebox, boiler and smokebox with smokebox saddle as a unit before adding to the model. Add the two splashers and the toolboxes that are positioned outside them. Add the boiler fittings etc. Further detailing such as separate handrails, lamp irons, tank vents etc. can be fitted as desired.

Great Western Railway Autocoach.

This is similar in construction to the coaches above but has a recessed door on each side. Cut out the coach body, and cut out the two areas marked with “X”. Cut out the additional doors and fit them behind the openings before folding up the body. Note that the ends are angled not curved. Matches are better than the usual cocktail sticks for the buffers on this model as they are square in cross section. Add the gong above the driving position at the coach end.

You can add ventilators to the roof using wood and you could model the steps for the centre doors in their extended position. They were designed to be extendable for use at lower than normal platforms. Add extra detail such as handrails as desired.

With the autotrains the locomotive did not need to run round the train when reversing direction as the locomotive could be driven from the coach. Up to four coaches could be coupled to a locomotive, though one or two were usual. The first would be coupled to the bunker end of the loco and a second more usually behind this but I have seen one at each end. I have never seen a photo of three autocoaches but four are arranged two at each end. The driver position with the gong is always facing away from the loco.

44’6” Straight track.

The track comes as six 44 foot 6 inch panels with rail overlays to be added on top. Three sections are enough to mount the train upon.

Autocoach built
48xx and Autocoach
Autocoach layout

Set GWS2 – Great Western Railway 54xx and B set instructions.

The models can be displayed mounted on a track base made from four of the track sections, alternatively use in conjunction with items from set GWS1/GWS3 for a double track display.

Great Western Railway 54xx class 0-6-0PT .

This loco has a separate cab assembly. The tank sides and boiler etc. are all in one piece with separate ends. It is best formed around a block of wood shaped the same profile as the ends. Note that the boiler continues underneath between the tanks, showing daylight above the footplate and that the smokebox and firebox support this unit.

Add the smokebox door and add the assembly to the footplate in front of the cab. Add the firebox top piece. Add the injectors at each side of the firebox below the tanks. Make the four splashers and two half splashers and add them. There are tank supports that fit in front of the front splashers and rear tank supports that fit behind the middle wheels. Add the injector overlays on either side of the firebox. Add the boiler fittings etc. Further detailing such as separate handrails, lamp irons etc. can be fitted as desired.

54xx tank
54xx complete
B set coach

Great Western Railway B set coach.

This is a simple coach and has no added complications. The coaches are coupled with the luggage compartments arranged outwards. The buffers at the inner ends are shorter.

The B set design evolved over several batches of coaches until the layout shown here. An earlier design had the first class compartments at the inner ends, but was changed due to complaints of noisy riding from first class passengers.

If a longer train was required an extra coach would be added at one end or two sets coupled together. There were four coach sets of a different design for use where this capacity was expected.

44’6” Straight track.

See the description above.

Track on base
B set Layout

Set GWS3 – Great Western Railway 45xx and Goods Train instructions.

The models can be displayed mounted on a track base made from four of the track sections, alternatively use in conjunction with items from set GWS1/GWS2 for a double track display.

Track on base

Great Western Railway Goods train.

Study the instructions for the L&Y wagons above.

The open wagon has a sheet bar which was used to stretch a tarpaulin sheet over loads. There is a template to make this from wire. The plates fix to the inside of the bar at each end, while the semi-circular guide hoops fit on the outside.

The container could be transferred to a road vehicle for door to door delivery. It has diagonal straps that fastened it to the wagon. On this vehicle the sides bend down leaving a flat platform with a box (for chains etc.) at each side below the floor.

The brake van has an open veranda at one end which has the sand boxes positions marked on the floor. On this vehicle and the Iron Mink (so called as they had iron sheet side) the sides wrap around the floor as there are extensions to the framing that extend downward. The small steps should be in line with the veranda doors and a chimney can be made from wood or wire.

There are several stanchions and strapwork parts to add as extra layers on these vehicles.

44’6” Straight track.

See the description above.

Great Western Railway 45xx class 2-6-2T .

This loco has outside cylinders and motion. Mount the motion parts so that they are central on the cylinders.

The brackets supporting the boiler in front of the side tanks should be in line with the motion brackets. The tank sides and cab are in one piece.

The struts at the front need to be added from wood or wire. The rest of the construction follows the methods of the models above.

 

Track on base
Track on base
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